Senior Infants

Numeracy/Mathematics

We use Mathematics in many areas of our lives every day. Being able to work out how many? How often? Or how heavy things are is important. Can we afford to buy something? Can we fit something into a particular space? These are all daily tasks we undertake which are dependent on our mathematical abilities. Mathematics is an important core curriculum subject and an important life skill for children to develop. The more we (staff and parents) can do to help the children to develop their mathematical skills and to enhance the experience the better for them. Our Maths Curriculum is based on a spiral approach to teaching and learning. This means that topics are revisited from year to year and previous knowledge is extended and build upon. The following information will help you to help your child and will give you an insight into the curriculum at
your child’s level. If you should require more information about the Maths curriculum or want clarification on any matter please contact your child’s teacher.
 There are 5 stands in the Primary School Maths Curriculum:
 
Number – counting, addition, Subtraction, multiplication, division, place value, fractions etc.
 
Algebra  – Number patterns
 
Measures  –  Length, weight, capacity, time, money
 
Shape & Space  – 2D & 3D shapes, Angles
 
Data  – Understanding & interpreting, Making chart & Graphs
Talking about shapes and directions
When we talk about shapes we talk about edges, corners, straight sides, curved sides, round and flat shapes.
Look at boxes in your cupboard  – what shapes are they? What shapes can you see around the house? Out in the street? Do you ever find yourself asking your child:
Where are you? or Where did you put your lunchbox? 
Talking about directions is also an important part of maths. Below are some examples of the words children use when learning about directions: I’m hiding under  the table. My wellies are beside
the cooker. Grandad lifted me over  the wall.
Try hiding an object like a teddy and ask your child to find it by giving directions. Then ask your child to give directions to you so you can find Teddy. Many children have play maths for their toys  – asks your child to tell you how to get from the fire station to
school. Pretend you don’t understand unless you get precise directions, for example first you tern left, then you walk along the street and then turn right…
 
See www.ncca.ie/parents for more information including video clips.
Helping your child with maths in SENIOR INFANTS
Have you ever thought about how much maths is part of your child’s conversations?
 
Maths is everywhere around us and is part of your child’s daily life. You can help your child understand and
enjoy maths through simple games and everyday activities.
What your child is learning at school
Here is some of the maths your child will learn in senior infants in primary school.
 
Recognise the written numbers 0-10.
 
Say the numbers 0-10 in the correct order. Use the word ‘zero’ for 0.
 
 
Write the numbers 0-10.
 
Count the numbers of objects in a group and count how many are left when some objects are taken away.
 
Add two groups of objects to make a total of 10.
 
Start to use the symbols + and = to add groups of objects and write a number sentence, for example 4+2=6.
 
Estimate (guess)
 the number of objects in a group. You child will also learn to:
 
Recognise simple number patterns, for eample3, 4, _, 6; 6, 5, _, _, 2, 1 by filling each blank space with the correct number; two
claps, three claps, two claps, three claps…
 Sort, describe and name 3-D shapes (shapes that are not flat) including cube, sphere, cylinder and cuboid.
 
Compare objects using words such as heavy or light; heaviest or lightest; long or short; longest or shortest.
 
Recognise familiar times and read the clock in hours, for example 2 o’clock, 3 o’clock. Put daily or weekly events in order.
 
Recognise coins up to 20 cents and use coins up to 10 cents.
How your child learns at home
Encourage careful counting, particularly up to 20. Try counting in twos up to 20, for example 2, 4, 6, 8….
Estimate the numbers of objects in a set or group up to 5. Throw out five or fewer items on the table and ask your child to quickly tell you how many there are without counting. Show one face of a die quickly and ask: How many dots can you see? 
 
Count how many are left  when some objects are taken away. I have 8 grapes but how many will I have if I eat 2 of them? 
 
Recognise familiar times.Talk about times and clock. Put times up on the fridge door or notice board, for example ‘Football 3pm Tuesday,
 Training 9am Saturday’. Talk about things we do in a Summer, in Winter, during the day, at night.
 Find numbers. Look at the microwave, the telephone and the TV remote control. Look for numbers outside as you go for walk.
 
Recognise coins up to 20 cents and use coins up to 10 cents. Let your child handle money and work out change. Talk about the value of coins when you are shopping: Which coin do you need to pay  for the sweet? Why can we not use this one? Can you swap me some coins for this 20 cent coin? 
 
 
Play board games with dice to encourage your child to count, add on and recognise numbers.
Add two groups of objects to make a total of 10. When playing with toys make groups of objects
and then ask your child to put them together. Encourage your child to ‘count on’ which means ‘continue counting’.
I have 6 cars and i get 4 more –  6…7, 8, 9, 10.
 
Compare objects by length. Ask your child to help you sort the washing: find the long trousers. Can you find some that are shorter? Which trousers are the shortest? Build a tower with your child using blocks or boxes:
Can you make a taller tower? A shorter tower?