First Class

Numeracy/Mathematics

There are 5 stands in the Primary School Maths Curriculum:

Number – counting, addition, Subtraction, multiplication, division, place value, fractions etc.
Algebra  – Number patterns
Measures  –  Length, weight, capacity, time, money

Shape & Space  – 2D & 3D shapes, Angles
Data  – Understanding & interpreting, Making chart & Graphs
Learning about tens and units
In school your child will be learning about the value of numbers. For example, in 32 the 3 stands for 3 tens (30) and the 2 stands for 2 units but in 23 the 2 stands for 2 tens (20) and the 3 stands for 3 units. When learning about place value in school, your child might use lollipop sticks to show a number by putting them in bundles of 10 and loose ones (units). For example, 24 is shown as 2 bundles of 10 and 4 units.
Helping your child with maths in FIRST CLASS
Many of us remember playing Ludo or Snakes and Ladders as children. As well as having fun, we were
practicing maths ‘in our heads’ as we worked out how many steps to the next ladder or snake!
It’s important for children to talk to others about their ideas in maths. As children learn at different rates,
find out where your child is at by listening more than talking when doing maths together. This will help you to work out what your child is thinking. Good questions to ask include
how did you work that out? Could you do it another way?
When helping with homework, ask: How do you do this in school?
You can talk about maths in lots of activities like posting letters or emailing. When posting a birthday card, you might ask your child to check the post-box for the time of the next collection. Or when reading an email from Uncle Bill you could ask:
What time did he send it? What date did he send it?
What your child is learning in school
Here is some of the maths your child will learn in first class in primary school.

Begin to understand addition tables up to 20,
for example 2+1=3, 2+2=4, 2+3=5…
Read and write numbers 0-100 and put them in order.
Add and subtract numbers with a total less than 100, for example 16+5, 70+10 and 18-5.

Count forwards and backwards in twos, fives and tens, for example 2, 4, 6…; 60, 50, 40…
Recognise patterns in numbers including odd and even numbers. Think of pairs of gloves for even numbers 2, 4, 6… The odd numbers are where you have an extra glove! 3, 5, 7…
Sort and name shapes such as a square, rectangle, triangle, circle, semi-circle (2-D or flat shapes), cube, cuboid, cylinder and sphere (3-D or shapes that are not flat).

Read time in hours and half-hours, for example recognise times like three o’clock and half -past four on a clock.
How your child learns at home
Find out which tables your child already knows, for example 3+1, 3+2, 3+3. If they know 3+3=6 then they should be able to work out what 3+2 is (one less)or what 3+4 is (one more). Learn those which add to make 10, for example 1+9, 2+8, 3+7.

Add and subtract. Help your child to see how adding and subtracting are linked. Use small number at first, for example 3+4=7, 7-3=4; 4+3=7, 7-4=3.

Read time in hours and half-hours. Draw your child’s attention to times.
We have swimming at 5.30. What time will we need to leave the house at? Look in the TV Guide, what time does your  favourite programme start?
Have fun with numbers.
You and your child have fun with numbers on car registration plates. When walking through a car park, ask your child:
What numbers can you see on the cars plates? Can you find a plate where two of the numbers add up to 10, 12… Add all th numbers on the plate. Which of us can get the bigger number?

Play games.
Here’s a fun skittles game. Put some small stones or rice in the bottoms of plastic
bottles to make a set of 5 skittles. Put a number on each, for example 10, 25, 5, 15, 0. Roll a ball and keep a score as you knock the skittles down. Ask your child to work up the final scores.